Real world coding in HTML and CSS


As a newbie to the world of Web Design, the subject of programming often seems a mystery. It is difficult to get an idea of ​​what programming or coding methods and tools can look like when you have no experience. Learning to program is a huge test, especially if you plan to learn on your own for your own project. We’ll summarize what you’ll need to successfully learn coding, commands, and scripting.

Do you want to become a web developer? But are you a total beginner in this field?

First, we will learn the basics of web development, i.e. HTML and CSS.

What is HTML?

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a markup language for creating a web page. Web pages are typically viewed in a web browser. They can include text, links, images, and even audio and video. HTML is used to mark up and describe each of these types of content so that the web browser can display them correctly.

What is CSS?

While HTML is used to structure a web page, including defining elements such as titles and paragraphs and allowing you to embed images, videos, and other media, CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) allows you to specify the style. the Internet page; layouts, colors and fonts are all determined with CSS. You can think of HTML as the basis of a home and CSS as aesthetic choices, like you are differentiating between a Victorian mansion and a mid-century modern home.

Programming for beginners: preparation

Anyone who wants to learn a programming language has to do a lot of research. Reading the forum topics and books is the first step. Through careful reading, we can acquire the necessary knowledge bases. Each programming language has its own discussion forum. Thus, most imaginable questions have already been asked and Internet users have undoubtedly also answered them, or at least tried. If you do not find a satisfactory answer, you can ask your question yourself to the large community of programmers. Write down the important information that will help you during the initiation phase. A clear personal database with interesting notes will help you to solve your problems in a targeted way later.

Web programming

To design web pages or adapt a web application, you have to start with the basics. HTML and CSS are not programming languages ​​per se, but they form the basis of most sites and therefore are the starting point for a beginner in programming. You can configure elements of web pages in HTML and thus design the skeleton of a site. The next step is the discovery of HTML5 which offers more audiovisual possibilities.

With CSS, it’s about design and organization. All the characteristics of the various elements are fixed by this means, namely their colors or their positions for example. However, HTML and CSS only allow the design of static and simple functional pages. If you can get to grips with these basic tools, you can do some programming. For the first few tries with dynamic pages, using JavaScript is the best choice because it is quite simple. By using JavaScript, you can design dynamic websites that allow for example automatic adaptation of the size of images.

PHP and SQL complete the basic package for programming web applications. PHP is an open source scripting language and can be integrated with the HTML protocol. SQL is a database language with which you can define the structure of data, modify the latter or even extract data sets.

When designing complex pages (including a member identification area for example), the use of a content management system (CMS for Content Management System) considerably reduces the knowledge required on PHP and SQL.

The items presented above are of course only a small selection of the many possible scripting languages ​​for the web. HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, and PHP languages ​​still form a strong and sufficient knowledge base for most web projects.

Program an application

In order to program applications such as games or photo editing programs, it is advisable to bet on other bases. Among these are C, C ++, and Java. These three languages ​​have a similar syntax. Those who have mastered C or C ++ will find it easier to learn Java.

It is possible to program apps for iPhone and iPad using Cocoa. It is not a scripting language but a transmission interface for the Mac OS operating system. X code is a development interface for Mac OS, with which you can develop Mac and iOS applications related to Cocoa. Interface Builder is graphic design software for application interfaces. Among the languages ​​used are Objective-C, among others.

Android apps

Applications for Android operating systems are programmed with Java. Oracle’s Android Studio interface and Java Development Kit, combined with the right basic knowledge, allow you to create a wide variety of applications.


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