The Internet has become one of the most influential global phenomena in the world. The number of global network users has exceeded 5 billion. That’s two-thirds of human beings residing on the crust of this planet! Moreover, by the end of the first half of the 2020s, we will have more than 35 billion devices connected to the Internet. For comparison, that’s more than a hundred times the population of the entire United States! Speaking of the population of the United States and the Internet, here’s another striking number: the number of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in the United States has exceeded 7,000! Not only are the providers plentiful, but the deals each offers are plentiful as well. You can easily watch Xfinity Internet Deals and those of other online Internet service providers.
Naturally, the more influence the Internet has on our lives, the more questions we have about it. People often find themselves deliberating over the answers to these questions at social gatherings. While some wonder how the Internet affects children’s lives, others like to discuss the origins and purposes of its various applications. If you are one of the latter, this article is ideal for you! We say this knowing that we will be discussing the purposes of the most widely used Internet application – the World Wide Web (WWW). Once you’ve read the entire article, you’ll be able to better answer questions about the increasingly influential phenomenon called the Internet.
Objectives of ARPANET – The Grandfather of the World Wide Web
Some of the people who invented ARPANET were heavily involved in the invention of the Internet. Also, some of the people involved in the creation of the Internet played a role in the creation of the World Wide Web. This is because all these inventions had similar motives. As the WWW has become so vast and is made up of so much content from so many people, it is impossible to determine the purposes behind the whole phenomenon. Instead, delving into the motivations behind its relatively smaller predecessor – the ARPANET – might be the way to go.
While the NET in ARPANET stands for “network”, the term ARPA stands for “Advanced Research Projects Agency”. Contrary to what you might think, ARPA is not an agency of a federal department responsible for technological advancement. Rather, it is an agency of the US Department of Defense. Yes, the father of the Internet was created for military purposes. During the Cold War, under threat of having its data wiped out, which was all in specific physical locations, the Department of Defense developed a network that connected computers over long distances.
However, ARPANET’s scope was not limited to the military for a long time. One of the early developers of ARPANET was Dr. Leonard Kleinrock. In his 1962 paper, “Information Flow In Large Communication Nets”, he described his vision for the ARPANET for the coming decades. Then, in 1968, two other key figures in the organization – Robert Taylor and Joseph Licklider – also wrote about their vision in the article “The Computer as a Communication Device”. These two pieces shared a common goal – to provide a platform that could enable the formation of global communities. Indeed, today, this goal is strongly reflected in the mission of the World Wide Web.
The World Wide Web, on the “Mission” page of its website, states the following objectives:
web for all
The Web allows all humans to communicate, regardless of the continent they are on and regardless of the race to which they belong. Besides geographic location and racial origin, the web aims not to discriminate on the basis of language, culture or mental ability.
web on everything
If you want to make the web accessible to everyone, making sure it’s accessible from all devices is probably the first step. The World Wide Web Consortium realizes this and that is why it aims to make the platform compatible on all kinds of devices including smartphones, interactive TV systems, kiosks, personal digital assistants and voice response.
Web for rich interaction
Although the web was initially a read-only tool, the goal has always been to enable rich interactions. With the WWW facilitating the rise of the metaverse, it’s safe to say that he’s gone quite far in his pursuit of that goal.
Web of data and services
The WWW also aims to continue to serve and expand its role as a giant repository of linked data.
Web of Trust
The web also aims to provide a platform for people to strengthen their social relationships.
We hope this article has helped you decipher the purposes of the World Wide Web and in the future will help you to participate in discourses on this subject.